The Shacklock Ancestors

The Shacklocks

This page tells the story of the Shacklock line of the family. If you want to see a detailed diagram of the Shacklock ancestors, then click Shacklock Tree. This will open in a new tab so that you can flip between this page and the diagram.

These are the ancestors on the paternal line of Grandma Mary Wilson. The surname Shacklock comes from the middle English word “schaklock,” meaning “fetters” or “chains.” It is likely that the first bearer of the name was either a manufacturer of such shackles, or perhaps a jailer. Another possibility is that the name comes from “shake locks” and was a nickname for someone with long hair who had the habit of shaking back his locks. The main geographical concentration of the name is the north midlands.

The Shacklocks in our family first lived in Whitwell and Clowne in north-east Derbyshire. They moved to Kirkby-in-Ashfield Nottinghamshire before moving again to Sutton-in-Ashfield Nottinghamshire.

The earliest reference I have found to the Shacklock ancestors was in 1729, so the story starts from there.

Joseph Shacklock and Hannah Read

The earliest reference was the marriage of Joseph Shacklock and Hannah Read on the 28th Sept 1729 in Whitwell in Derbyshire. Their burial records say they were born in 1706 and 1705, but I have not been able to find any record of their christening. The marriage entry says he is from Bolsover and she is from Whitwell. There is a record of a Francis Shacklock living in Bolsover, so that may have been his father.

They moved to Clowne in Derbyshire. Clowne was originally called Clune in the Domesday book. This was possibly derived from ‘clun’, a Celtic word meaning ‘spring’, It was mainly a farming community when they lived there. The town later expanded when a colliery opened there in 1877. Both Joseph and Hannah died in Clowne in 1774.

Francis Shacklock and Elizabeth Everard

Francis was a son of Joseph and Hannah and was christened in in Clowne in 1738. He then married Elizabeth Everard in 1762. She came from Kirkby-in-Ashfield Nottinghamshire, so that’s where they set up home. He possibly became a framework knitter when he moved to Kirkby, as framework knitting was the main occupation in Kirkby at that time and his descendants were all framework knitters. He may have thought he was better off being a framework knitter than an agricultural labourer in Clowne. There is more information about framework knitting on the Framework Knitting page. Francis died in 1809 and Elizabeth died in 1814.

John Shacklock and Ann Bourn

John was a son of Francis and Elizabeth and was christened in 1774 in Kirkby-in-Ashfield. He married Ann Bourn on 27 Sep 1790 in Kirkby. Ann was christened in 1774 in Kirkby. He worked as a framework knitter. They had nine children. John died in 1838 and Ann in 1822.

Henry Shacklock and Mary Ann Walters

Henry was a son of John and Ann and was christened in 1812 in Kirkby-in-Ashfield. He married Mary Ann Walters in 1849 in Kirkby. Ann was christened in 1829. By the time of the 1851 census they had moved to Sutton-in-Ashfield. He worked as a framework knitter. They had two children. Henry died in 1893 and Mary died in 1897.

Mary’s family, the Walters, came from a village in Derbyshire called Pentrich which is about three miles south of Alfreton. There is more information about the Walters family at the bottom of the page.

James William Shacklock and Mary Ann Wright

James was a son of Henry and Mary and was christened in 1853 in Sutton-in-Ashfield. He married Mary Ann Wright in 1873. Mary was christened in 1856 in Sutton-in-Ashfield. He worked as a framework knitter. They had seven children. There is a note about Mary’s mother’s family the Haywards at the bottom of the page.

James made a couple of appearances in the local newspapers which suggests he liked his beer. He was fined ten shillings and six pence in 1881 and fifteen shillings in 1887 for being drunk and disorderly. I wonder if it was his job drove him to drink.

He made the news earlier in 1879 when he was arrested for robbery with violence and stealing half a sovereign. At his trial there was a lot of contradictory evidence. James had been drinking with a friend at the Dewdrop Inn. Two other men offered them a lift in their cart but then there seems to have been some sort of altercation. One of the men later found he had lost half a sovereign and accused James of stealing it. Two people who James had worked for gave evidence that he had always been well behaved and was of good character. The jury found him not guilty.

Then in 1903, he got himself into another mess. The following report appeared in the Nottingham Evening Post.
On the 11.35pm train due out of the Town Midland Railway Station being brought to a standstill at the starting signal. Guard Tillison heard moans proceeding from the cutting of the Great Northern Railway which runs under the Midland lines. Giving information to the officials at the station, Messrs Wilson and Allen immediately proceeded to the place and they discovered James Shacklock, 50, widower of 5 Union Street, Sutton, lying injured. Police and doctors were summoned, and on the man being conveyed to his home on a stretcher, it was found that he was suffering from injuries to his back and internally. It is supposed that Shacklock got onto the Hardwick Street recreation ground and by some means or other missed his way and fell down the embankment a distance of about 18 feet on to the line. The man lies in a precarious condition.
They don’t say if he was drunk or not, or what happened afterwards. This was just after his wife had died in 1903. I can’t find him in the 1911 census, so I don’t know if he was fit enough to carry on working. He must have survived as he lived until 1924.

I have included here the newspaper reports of his exploits

Frederick Shacklock and Sarah Jane Dove

Frederick Shacklock
Frederick Shacklock

Frederick was a son of James and Mary and was christened in 1883 in Sutton-in-Ashfield. He then married Sarah Jane Dove in 1903. Sarah was christened in 1885 in Sutton-in-Ashfield. They had 6 children.

Frederick was the first of the Shacklocks not to be a framework knitter. He was a builder by trade and in the 1901 census his occupation was journeyman mason. A journeyman was someone who was employed by someone else. Like many men in the area, he also worked as a miner as shown in the 1911 census.

Frederick Shacklock
Frederick Shacklock

Sarah was said to have had wanderlust and and so they moved houses very frequently, Sutton-in-Ashfield, Beeston, Trusthorpe and Breaston to name a few, finally moving to Mablethorpe in Lincolnshire. The story goes that her husband Fred once came home from work to find an empty house, she had moved without telling him. He had to ask the neighbour where she had moved to.

Fred died in 1952 and Sarah in 1956 in Mablethorpe Lincolnshire.

These are the parents of grandma Mary Wilson so I have come to the end of the Shacklock ancestors.

Sarah Dove
Sarah Dove

The Walters

Mary Ann Walters, the wife of Henry Shacklock, came from the village of Pentrich in Derbyshire. Her family had lived there for many years, the earliest record I have found was in 1701. Pentrich is a small village just south of Alfreton and it is thought to go back to pre-Roman times. It was a thriving rural village, except in 1817, it had a short period of national notoriety due to events that became known as the Pentrich Rising.

Mary’s great grandfather William Walters would have witnessed the Pentriach Rising and two of his relatives, a cousin Samuel Walters and a nephew William both took an active part in the rising. For more details see the page Pentrich Rising.

The Haywards

Mary Ann Wright was the wife of James Shacklock. Her maternal line were the Haywards who came from Tewkskbury in Gloucestershire. I have found some information about them so I have created a separate page, The Hayward Ancestors. It also includes some information about her father Joseph Wright who married her mother Harriett Hayward.